6 fundamental hormones to enjoy good health

When we are out of balance, our health is at risk

There are about 50 hormones in our body, they are very important and regulate many processes: from hunger to muscle development. When we are out of balance, our health is at risk. Let's look closely at the 6 crucial hormones, which ensure good health when they are well balanced.

1. Insulin controls the level of blood sugars, which rise every time you eat sweets and carbohydrates, is produced by the pancreas. The malfunction of this hormone leads to diabetes which can cause serious health consequences, including: atherosclerosis, kidney disease or kidney failure, heart attack, loss of vision or blindness and weakening of the immune system, with an increased risk of infections.
Insulin also regulates the sense of satiety in the brain and reduces the feeling of hunger. If a person has a low level of insulin (like diabetics) – he does not perceive a sense of satiety – he tends to eat more than necessary and more easily to become obese. Fresh vegetables, if taken without other foods, do not cause insulin to rise, because it quickly passes through the stomach.
Remedies: the most effective way is to maintain a low carbohydrate diet and exercise

2. Leptin is the hormone that regulates the sense of satiety. Thus, every time you eat, leptin levels increase and appetite begins to wane. Weight loss and body fat depend not only on willpower, but also on a genetic combination and hormones. In a healthy individual, leptin tells the brain that it has stored enough fat. Often obese people are leptin resistant, their brains are unable to interpret the signals as they should and they eat beyond their satiety level. It is unclear whether obesity causes leptin resistance or leptin resistance causes obesity. Inflammation, genetic factors, lifestyle and diet are causes of leptin resistance.
Remedies: exercise, sleeping well, avoiding stress and following a healthy diet improve sensitivity to leptin.

3. Glucagon: while insulin works to remove excess blood sugar, glucagon increases the amount of sugar in the blood when there is not enough. Insulin is created stored and released by beta cells in the pancreas, glucagon is created, stored and released by the alpha "twin" cells of the pancreas to counteract the action of insulin. Glucagon is much less known than insulin, it has the function of ordering the liver to produce and release glucose into the blood.
Hepatic glucose production, and its concentration in the blood (blood sugar), is finely regulated by insulin and glucagon. The mechanism of action of glucagon is opposite to that of insulin.
If insulin levels are too high they can block the release of glucagon and this can lead to hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar).
The greatest stimulus for the action of glucagon is given by fasting and prolonged medium-high intensity physical activity.

4. Cortisol is the stress hormone and has a very important role. When we are stressed, blood sugar levels drop quickly. Glucagon will attempt to lift them and cortisol will help. It is produced by the adrenal glands and also signals to the fat cells that the fat stored to be used for energy. A cortisol imbalance can cause serious problems such as hindering long-term memory, muscle wasting and weakening the immune system.
Remedies: lifestyle, low-intensity physical activity such as yoga or long walks is important.

5. Ghrelin, also called hunger hormone, is released when the stomach is empty and warns us when we are hungry. It stimulates appetite and increases in case of chronic stress, thus promoting the intake of highly caloric and high-fat foods. Ghrelin signals the body to prepare because food arrives. If it works abnormally, it helps to gain weight. In fact, many studies of obese people have shown that if it is not produced in the right amount during sleep it can cause obesity.
Remedies: ghrelin is influenced by lifestyle and body fat percentage, more than by food intake. It is a cat that bites its tail though, because for a good balance of ghrelin it is important to maintain the right weight.

6. Testosterone, known as the male sex hormone, is actually important for both genders. It regulates sexual desire and serves the good health of muscles, it serves to have healthy bones and regulates hair growth. If testosterone levels are low, there may also be a drop in sex drive and bones can weaken. A low fat diet can lead to a low testosterone level.
Remedies: exercise, balanced diet and good intake of vitamin D.

Leave a Reply