8 things to know about heterologous fertilization

8 things to know about heterologous fertilization

Here are 8 things to know about heterologous fertilization, a technique to succeed in having a child even in cases of infertility

There are not few couples who resort to heterologous fertilization to crown the dream of a pregnancy and a child. Here are 8 things to know about this technique to get pregnant.

8 things to know about heterologous fertilization

  • What is heterologous fertilization – It is also called "artificial". The seed or egg was donated by a person outside the couple. Donors can leave semen in seed banks, which store samples and use them when partners have fertility problems. The child, unlike homologous fertilization, will not inherit the genetic heritage from both parents.
  • The requests – In the last period the heterologous fertilization has undergone a real boom in Italy. The centers that deal with this particular technique have also increased.
  • Those who choose medically assisted fertilization – Women around the age of 35 choose this method of procreation.
  • The possibility of success – The technique has a success rate of 12.8%. The II and III level techniques have a 20% chance of success, while for the I level techniques it drops to 5.5% in women over 40 and 2.6% for those aged 43.
  • Laws – The sentence of the Constitutional Court has invalidated the prohibition to carry out heterologous fertilization as provided for by law 40 of 2004. However, the guidelines and specific indications are absent.
  • Refunds – Heterologous insemination is not reimbursed by the National Health Service, and the technique cannot be applied to singles.
  • The European legislation – The European directive 17/2006, obliges to an infectious type test (hepatitis, HIV) and genetic in the case of heterologous fertilization. The external donor must also undergo a test for infectious diseases, to be practiced within 90 days and repeated at each donation.
  • Heterologous fertilization abroad – Many couples are forced to go abroad to be able to practice heterologous procreation. Because of the prohibition of the law 40/2004 in Italy in fact many couples in search of a pregnancy had turned in the past to specialized clinics, many of them in Spain. In these structures assisted fertilization is also provided for single women, while donation, embryo donation and anonymity of donors are allowed.
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