Proper nutrition reduces the risk of colorectal cancer: here are which foods to watch out for
12 anti-inflammatory foods to lose weight and have a healthy intestine
Nutrition is one of the key factors in bowel health, and an anti-inflammatory diet protects against the risk of developing colorectal cancer, which has a rather high incidence in our country. What are the foods to bring to the table and which ones to avoid?
During the 26th National Congress on Digestive Diseases, promoted by the Italian Federation of Digestive Diseases Societies, experts highlighted how a diet based on anti-inflammatory foods is a panacea for the colon. A diet rich in processed meats and foods high in saturated fat, as revealed by a meta-analysis published in the Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology, can develop chronic inflammation of the intestine, which in turn increases the risk of onset by up to 40%. of colorectal cancer.
Filomena Morisco, full professor of Gastroenterology at the Federico II University of Naples and member of the board of the Italian Society of Gastroenterology and Digestive Endoscopy (Sige), highlighted the key principles of an anti-inflammatory diet, to promote intestinal health. In particular, Dr. Morisco warned us against the abuse of foods such as processed meats, foods containing large amounts of saturated fat, such as cheese and dairy products, and alcohol.
Green light instead to the foods that are the basis of the Mediterranean diet: fish, fruit, vegetables and whole grains are the best choices to prevent colorectal cancer. Foods rich in omega-3s, such as oily fish and dried fruit, have a marked anti-inflammatory activity, as shown by a recent review published in the International Journal of Molecular Sciences. These fatty acids are in fact able to reduce the amounts of two pro-inflammatory proteins, the C-reactive protein and interleukin 6.
On the other hand, fruits and vegetables contain antioxidants, minerals and fibers in large quantities. Antioxidants, in particular, counteract free radicals and help fight inflammation, while the fibers allow the intestinal tract to function properly and remove the toxins that accumulate here after the digestive process. Whole grains are also an excellent source of fiber, thus promoting colon health. Finally, attention should be paid to polyphenols, substances that have a powerful anti-inflammatory effect. Foods such as olive oil and dark chocolate are rich in it.
Among the drinks, coffee seems to have a prominent role: some studies have shown that caffeine is able to improve the body's response to inflammatory states, while other evidence correlates the consumption of this drink with an increased survival to colorectal cancer. On the other hand, sugary drinks should be avoided, while as regards alcohol, it is necessary to consume them moderately.