Breastfeeding: possible problems

Breastfeeding: possible problems

Breastfeeding is a gesture of love: breast milk is the ideal food for our baby.
Sometimes, however, you may encounter small or large difficulties in breastfeeding.
Let's see together what are some of the most common problems.

The fissures
They are small cuts of the skin located on the edge of the areola or on the nipple, and can be caused by incorrect attachment of the baby or by inflammation of the nipple resulting from the fact that the skin is not kept dry, hydrated and elastic.
The pain can be very severe and a first way to relieve it is to attach the newborn to the breast as soon as it seems to be hungry: if it is not too hungry, in fact, it will suck with less vigor.
it is also very useful to change the position between one feed and the other and wash the nipples after each feed only with warm water (without soap) and, if possible, let the breast dry in the air or in any case take care to dry it well.
In the presence of fissures, breast-absorbing cups that retain moisture by preventing cuts from healing should be avoided.
it is important not to stop breastfeeding but, if necessary, to stop breastfeeding by feeding your milk (with the aid of the breast pump) with the bottle. Waiting for the fissures to pass before resuming breastfeeding carries the risk of another problem: breast engorgement.

Breast engorgement
It manifests itself with hardening of the breast and swelling, and in some cases even with pain and fever.
It consists of a temporary stop of the milk flow, caused by an incomplete emptying of the milk ducts.
Breast congestion can occur in several cases: for example when the infant removes less milk than the mother has produced or if the baby assumes an incorrect sucking position.
The most effective remedy is to attack the child often, whenever he seems hungry. It is good to attach the baby first to the most hardened and painful breast, since, being hungry, it will suck more vigorously ensuring a better emptying of the breast.
In addition, hot compresses and massages that promote breast emptying can be useful.
it is good not to underestimate the problem because breast engorgement can degenerate into mastitis.

The blockage of a duct galactophore
It can be caused by infrequent feedings and / or inadequate removal of milk.
It causes an often very annoying localized swelling.
To avoid the onset of this problem it is good to avoid sleeping on your stomach and wearing too tight bras. it is also important to check that the baby takes a correct position during the feeding

It is an infection of the milk ducts (galactophores), favored by the presence of fissures and breast engorgement and by a temporary lowering of the maternal immune system. It often affects a single breast which can appear swollen and painful and in some cases the mother may have a fever or even nausea and headache.
In the case of mastitis, rest is recommended but not the interruption of breastfeeding.
You have to make sure that the baby is sticking in the correct way and often change position during feeding.
Also in this case, warm compresses and manual squeezing of the breasts which favor the reabsorption of the swelling are very useful.

The mother must know that the problems that can arise, in most cases, can be solved. In case of difficulty it is advisable to contact either the maternity center where the baby was born, the pediatrician, the counseling center, or associations that offer support in the post-natal period through a professional lactation consultant.


Category: Mom
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