Especially in the first few weeks of your baby's life, diaper changes are an action that must be carried out very often throughout the day, to prevent skin contact with stool and urine from resulting in irritation.
At the beginning you will have to change it after each feeding, after waking up and before putting it to sleep.
As the months go by, the diaper change will be more and more spaced throughout the day until about two years, when your baby starts to feel the stimuli and to control the sphincters (muscles of the anus and bladder) and you can start to get him used to the potty.
Changing the diaper is, among other things, the most immediate way in breastfed babies to evaluate whether the baby is eating enough: on average 6/7 dirty diapers of pee and 2 of pupus in the day indicate that the baby was sufficiently powered.
What to prepare for a diaper change
First of all, it must be ensured that the environment is well heated, especially in winter.
It is also convenient to have a fairly high support surface so as not to bend your back too much and, if possible, close to a source of running water. In its absence you can use a basin filled with warm water.
On the support surface, a soft mattress must be placed on which you will have to lay your baby down.
You should keep on hand: towel to dry the baby, oil or protective cream, zinc oxide cream, wet wipes, new diaper and complete change of clothing.
How to change the diaper
1. Wash your hands;
2. Place the child on the mattress on which you will have positioned the towel with which you will then have to dry it;
3. Undress it only in the lower part so that it does not catch cold;
4. Check that the water is lukewarm, take it and place it on your forearm keeping it on your stomach.
The genital area should be washed with a small amount of neutral soap.
In females it is necessary to proceed with movements from front to back (in order not to contaminate the vulvar area with intestinal germs).
In males, the penis should be cleaned in the direction that goes from its attachment to the end, without pulling it too much. Also avoid retracting the foreskin: it is a practice that is not recommended by most pediatricians, because it could cause injury.
The choice of preferring the use of wet wipes for cleaning the child is obviously left to the parents;
5. Lay it back on the mattress and dry it gently (without rubbing) with the soft towel;
6. Once dried, you can use an oil or a neutral protective cream (reserving the zinc oxide ointments for irritation) to avoid prolonged contact of feces or urine with the skin;
7. Raise the baby's legs by taking them by the ankles with one hand, spread the diaper under the bottom, until the upper edge is at waist height and release the legs.
At this point, lift the front part of the diaper and bring it closer to the tummy. Then holding the diaper in place with one hand, with the other grasp the right adhesive flap and make it adhere to the front, then also close the left corner.
The diaper must never be too tight, but of a suitable size and positioned with the stickers on the front.
In males still waiting for the umbilical cord to detach, the penis should face downwards in the diaper so that the pee does not wet the umbilical cord.
Remember: children should not be left alone even for a few moments: while changing it, always keep contact with his body, even with just one hand.
Also, as soon as you can, leave it without a diaper. Your skin will benefit!