Flat condyloma, microcondyloma and cockscomb are three different manifestations of the papilloma virus whose diagnosis is not always easy to carry out
For all women over the age of 40, it is essential to carry out at least one gynecological examination and a pap test per year in order to exclude the presence of condyloma and cockscombs on the internal or external part of the genital organs. The use of periodic screening is, in fact, essential to reduce the risk of cancer of the uterus and cervix.
The condyloma and the cockscomb are small fleshy growths, similar to warts, which can form on the labia minora, on the clitoris and on the innermost parts of the vulva, or in the area of the anus, on the rectum and even more internally, that is say on the neck of the uterus, and in this case we speak of "flat condylomatosis". The cockscombs, unlike the other types of condyloma, have the characteristic of having a more flaccid external consistency with a harder interior and are also called "florid condylomatosis" to contrast it instead with the flat one. A third type of condyloma is called "microcondyloma" because of the small size of the growths, which are often confused with protuberances typical of other diseases that have no clinical relevance.
The formation of these fleshy outgrowths, most of which are completely asymptomatic, is linked to a papilloma virus infection that the woman may have contracted during a sexual relationship. As is known, this virus is believed to be responsible for uterine cancer and therefore all women who have an active sex life should undergo more checks in order to exclude the presence of condyloma.
The importance of performing these checks is mainly linked to the fact that the condyloma and the cockscomb only in certain cases can cause itching or pain in the private parts, but usually, especially when they occur more internally near the uterus or on the neck , are completely asymptomatic. Only in rare cases does the woman realize that she has abnormal growths on the vulva, perhaps while she is making a bidet, but it is very difficult that the presence of these warts is associated with something of concern, having in fact no annoying symptoms.
This is why periodic checks, always carried out by an expert professional, who are able to distinguish well between the three forms of condyloma and indicate to the woman how to intervene are fundamental.