Let's find out what cortisone is, how it works and how to reduce its numerous (and annoying) side effects
Cortisone is considered one of the most powerful and effective anti-inflammatories, used to treat different diseases, but particularly discussed because of its side effects.
This medicine, which is part of corticosteroids, is created by the synthesis of cortisol, a hormone that is produced by the adrenal glands. If used in a targeted manner and under strict medical supervision, it can be particularly useful, on the contrary it can turn into a real enemy for the body.
Cortisone is prescribed to treat various diseases, in particular skin inflammations, due to allergic reactions caused by irritating substances. It also relieves pain in the joints, such as bursitis and tendonitis, and can be useful, together with antihistamines, to treat allergic conjunctivitis. Finally, cortisone is useful in case of autoimmune diseases such as lupus, ulcerative colitis, rheumatoid arthritis and Crohn's disease.
How to use it? It is usually used in the form of ointments or creams in the presence of skin inflammation. On the other hand, when you suffer from an allergy, cortisone can be taken with a spray inhaler or eye drops, but it is also available as tablets and tablets that dissolve in water. Finally, when rapid delivery is required, the doctor may use intravenous or intramuscular injections.
The duration of therapy and doses vary depending on the problem and the active ingredient found in the drug. If it is taken for a maximum of one week and in low doses, cortisone does not cause damage, but when treatment times are prolonged, however, very annoying side effects can occur, such as hyperglycemia, water retention, insomnia, irritability, leg swelling and gastrointestinal disorders.
Among the disorders we also find osteoporosis, weight gain and alteration of the menstrual cycle. How to reduce the undesirable effects of cortisone? First of all it is important to avoid green solutions, since cortisone can often interact negatively with homeopathic and phytotherapeutic remedies.
Finally it is important to follow the right diet, avoiding salty foods, because cortisone retains sodium, and grapefruit. Also exclude alcohol from the diet, which can damage the gastric wall, causing insomnia and irritability.