Desmond Tutu, Nobel prize winner: biography and curiosities

Desmond Tutu, Nobel prize winner: biography and curiosities

Who is Desmond Tute? Let's find out the curiosities and details about his life, dedicated to the defense of human rights and the defeat of numerous diseases

Desmond Tutu, also known by the full name of Desmond Mpilo Tutu is an archbishop belonging to the Anglican church. However, his commitment does not only concern the Anglican church, in fact Desmond Tutu is known worldwide for his strong activism in the regions of southern Africa, where he tries to bring social, health and economic conditions to a human level. Its worldwide fame, however, is due to its strong opposition to apartheid or to the racial segregation of all the states belonging to South Africa implemented by many western countries during the post-war period. He was also awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1984. His activities also span the defense of the oppressed and human rights, although the United States of America has repeatedly criticized his opposition to the state of Israel, of which it is contrary. Desmond Tute was born in Klerksdorp, located in Transvaal, which is a province of South Africa. From an early age his desire was to work in the field of medicine becoming a doctor, but despite this desire, the family did not have the opportunity to make him study adequately to qualify him for the medical profession.

For this reason Desmond Tute had to learn the art of teaching from his father, who was also a professor. So for about 3 years, from 1951 to 1953 he studied at Pretoria Bantu Normal College, then ended up teaching in Johannesburg Bantu High School, where he taught for several years, until 1957. His stay in that school was interrupted for his resignation, resigned by himself to protest against the type of school education given to black citizens. This fact, however, did not block his studies, in fact he continued them in the theological sector, and in 1960 he managed to become a priest of the Anglican church. He then had the opportunity to take on the role of chaplain at one of the few high-quality universities for black students located in the southern part of the state of South Africa, namely the university of Fort Hare. His career was marked by numerous shifts to continue his studies in theology and to try to emphasize the conditions in which the citizens of the state of South Africa found themselves. He moved to the United Kingdom in 1962 to obtain a master's degree in theology and in 1967 he returned to teaching in his home state, using his lessons to denounce and point out the unease in the nation.

His commitments, however, were not only blocked in the school sector, in fact in 1972 he was again forced to move to the United Kingdom to fill the role of deputy director of a fund established for theological education by the World Council of Churches. Later he was also put in a position to hold the position of dean of a cathedral in Johannesburg. Despite all these commitments and his strong activism he married Leah Nomalizo Tutu in 1955 and they manage to have 4 children. The highest goal reached by Desmond Tute is certainly the Nobel prize, in fact on 16 October 1984 he was awarded this prize, thanks to his strong commitment to maintaining peace in South Africa and for the fundamental role in the cessation and resolution of the problem created by apartheid. In addition, you receive numerous honorary degrees due to the great teaching experience possessed after many years of activity in numerous universities and schools and numerous awards from many states, such as Germany and the United States of America.

His political beliefs have led him more than once to clash openly against various prominent personalities from the political world and the Catholic Church. Several times he sided in defense of Gene Robinson, that is the first gay bishop belonging to the Episcopal Church located in the USA, declaring that there are no substantial differences between the men who hold this position and that therefore it should be accepted without criticism and phenomena of homophobia , but above all without making him weigh his choices in the sexual field. In addition, Desmond Tute asserts that since Gene Robinson must remain celibate for life, there would be no problem in holding the office of bishop. His criticisms, as already mentioned, also concerned the Catholic Church, and were expressed after the election of Pope Benedict XVI. In fact, Desmond all expressed his disappointment at his election, given that he expected a more open pope regarding the use of contraceptives in the struggle for the spread of venereal diseases such as AIDS. The criticisms made towards the state of South Africa for diplomacy towards the state of Zimbabwue and against the president of Zimbabwue himself, called Robert Mugabe for his activities towards the citizens of his nation, are certainly worth mentioning.

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