What does it mean to talk about ethical fashion and sustainable fashion? Let's try to see it together in an easy way
The terms "ethical fashion" and sustainable fashion "are often used in an undifferentiated way or taking for granted that one thing implies the other and vice versa. This is not exactly the case: let's see together why in an easy way.
Ethical fashion and sustainable fashion: what ethical fashion means
Ethical fashion is a system that gives importance to those involved in the process of making a garment. The first people think about are people who physically cut and sew clothes, but the journey is much longer than that. Before being made into a dress, that fabric was spun. And even earlier, someone collected cotton flakes, sheared wool, spun and worked silk or linen, just to name a few commonly used materials. Ethical fashion is concerned that everyone involved is paid fairly and that they work in decent working conditions. In full, this concept can also be extended to any animals involved: sheep for wool for example, or silkworms.
Ethical fashion and sustainable fashion: what sustainable fashion means
Sustainable fashion, on the other hand, is that which seeks to have the lowest possible environmental impact. Here too, the steps in the entire supply chain are many: from the creation of the yarn, to the dyeing, to the finishing to then end with the disposal of the garment at the end of its life (something very few think about), just to name a few. Each of these steps can be achieved with greater or lesser use (and waste) of water or energy, so it can be more or less sustainable.
So how can they be distinguished?
My suggestion is to be careful: very often, sustainable fashion may not be ethical and ethical fashion may not be sustainable. So pay attention to what you buy, read the labels carefully, check where your garments are made (made in) and how (any certifications). And always remember: the most sustainable garment is the one you don't buy!