Food and medicines: interactions to watch out for

Food and medicines: interactions to watch out for

Foods and drinks consumed while you are taking a medicine can cause unwanted reactions. Here's what to watch out for.

Osteoporosis, eye to drugs

If you are taking medication it is good that you pay attention to what you eat and drink. There may be unwanted reactions and side effects. Here are the main drug-food interactions reported by the Food and Drug Administration.

No to alcohol with antihistamines, antipyretics and analgesics
No wonder alcohol should be avoided during a drug treatment, but in particular it should not be taken if you are taking antihistamines, antipyretics, analgesics and anti-inflammatories. With the first category of drugs it interacts increasing the drowsiness effect, the interaction with the other categories can cause damage to the liver and the stomach. Another suggestion especially in the case of anti-inflammatories, which can be particularly harmful to the stomach, is to consume them on a full stomach. Drugs against asthma should eventually be taken by avoiding not only alcohol but also caffeine because these substances could contribute to the onset of nausea and tachycardia.

Potassium enemy of diuretics and hypertension drugs
If you are taking diuretic drugs that raise your potassium level, avoid foods rich in this microelement, such as bananas, oranges, green leafy vegetables and potassium supplements. Some diuretics, however, have the effect of lowering the level of potassium, so the advice is to read the information leaflet well and consult your doctor. Foods containing potassium are also to be avoided for those who take medicines against high blood pressure; in this case they may have palpitation as a side effect.

Grapefruit vs statins and benzodiazepines
Grapefruit interferes with statins, contained in medicines to control cholesterol, and benzodiazepines, used to treat anxiety, depression and insomnia. In both cases there may be a reduction in the assimilation of the drug and therefore of its effectiveness.

Anticoagulants inhibited by vegetables and tea
The effects of anticoagulant drugs, useful for thinning the blood, can be inhibited by consuming broccoli, spinach, foods rich in vitamin K and green tea, because they limit their assimilation by the body.

Eggs and dairy products vs antibiotics
Depending on the antibiotic, there may be special interactions, so better always read the information sheet and hear the doctor's advice. According to the Food and Drug Administration, the most common interactions are with orange juice, caffeine , foods rich in fiber (which slow down the absorption of medicines in general), bananas, eggs, milk and derivatives.

Category: Health
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