This episode of "Daily Health Pills" explains what they are and how to recognize esophageal and extra-esophageal symptoms, from regurgitation to hoarseness
Gastroesophageal reflux disease involves the presence of gastric contents in the esophagus and is caused by the malfunction of the valve that allows the release of small amounts of hydrochloric acid produced by the stomach in the digestive phase. It is not a normal mechanism, but this acid goes in the direction of the esophagus causing redness of the mucosa and sometimes even erosive lesions.
In terms of symptoms, gastroesophageal reflux is related to numerous problems that can affect the throat, chest, lung and even the intestine. These symptoms are called esophageal or extra-esophageal.
Heartburn and acid regurgitation are the classic symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux. Heartburn is a burning sensation that radiates from the upper edge of the abdomen to the throat. It is generally intermittent and can be facilitated by the intake of irritating substances, such as orange juice.
Regurgitation is the return of stomach contents to the mouth and is accompanied by a sour-bitter taste sensation in the throat and a burning sensation in the lips and tongue.
Dysphagia is the most serious situation. Swallowing is difficult or painful and suggests the presence of esophagitis. As well as the classic chest pain which can sometimes be confused with a heart attack.
Extra-esophageal symptoms are more difficult to link to this situation. They can affect the upper airways to the lungs, you can have a sore throat and a cough that doesn't go away. In the case of the lung, bronchitis and even a form of asthma may be present.
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“Daily Health Pills” is Tipsforwomens TakeCare's podcast series, curated by Federico Mereta. In each episode we talk about prevention, care and good habits.