How to behave at the table to reduce the risk of gestational diabetes

How to behave at the table to reduce the risk of gestational diabetes

It could happen that diabetes appears during pregnancy: what are the behaviors to follow to avoid this risk

The onset of diabetes during pregnancy is something to be avoided. And certainly, with this in mind, it is necessary to keep weight under control both before becoming pregnant and during expectation. This reduces the risks of gestational diabetes. But, in addition to monitoring body weight through a controlled diet, on the basis of the advice of the gynecologist, which is accompanied by regular physical activity, it seems to be very important not only how much you eat but also what foods you eat.

Paying attention to foods that promote inflammation, preferring instead those rich in nutrients with anti-inflammatory action, could help to limit the risks of this form of diabetes. To say this is a research conducted at the University of Turku, in Finland, which appeared in the European Journal of Nutrition.

It is important to behave well from the beginning

The study tried to evaluate the correlation between the foods consumed during the nine months and the development of this complication of pregnancy, looking at over 350 healthy but overweight or obese women. Based on the food diaries of pregnant women, two types of diet were considered: one, more healthy and one certainly less valid for well-being. Then, the possible impact in terms of the development of inflammation related to the diet in question was also evaluated. What emerges from the analysis? In practice it has been seen that the more foods with potential inflammatory action were ingested, the greater the risk of developing gestational diabetes. Not only that: the risk appeared to be related in particular to the high consumption of saturated fats, with the consequent activity of stimulating inflammation.

The advice that comes from the experts of Northern Europe is therefore simple. It is advisable to eat whole foods, fruit, vegetables, preferring in any case condiments that contain unsaturated fats, such as extra virgin olive oil. These indications appear even more important in the initial stages of expectation, also and above all for women who, even before conception, are overweight and obese. On the practical front, the important thing is to strictly follow the indications of the treating gynecologist, and this not only to reduce the risk of developing gestational diabetes but also to limit the possibility of other complications developing in the nine months.

What is gestational diabetes

Even if we talk about diabetes, this form is different from classic type 1 diabetes, an autoimmune disease that tends to destroy the units of the pancreas that produce insulin, and from type 2 diabetes, more linked to bad habits and overweight. Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy, particularly in the third trimester, leading to significant elevations in blood sugar. The origin of gestational diabetes is defined.

The more the fetus develops in the mother’s womb, the greater the production of hormones by the placenta. These have an “antagonistic” action with respect to insulin, so a situation similar to that of type 2 diabetes occurs: insulin is there but it is not enough, and therefore the blood sugar rises. Generally, after delivery, the situation returns to normal because placental hormones are no longer produced. But sometimes pregnancy can become the “factor” that triggers a real diabetes which then lasts over time and must be faced with the right precautions, together with the doctor.

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