Toothbrush, toothpaste and dental floss are essential for maintaining good oral hygiene, but the way we take care of the mouth is also crucial. Here's how to brush your teeth correctly.
Brushing your teeth: here is an ordinary and apparently simple action that we are taught from an early age to protect the health of the mouth as much as possible. To do this correctly, we first need the right tools such as a toothbrush, toothpaste and dental floss to pass between the teeth, at least once a day.
As for the toothbrush, however, the choice of one type over another depends mainly on the use we have to make of it. However, what determines the good or bad hygiene of the mouth is the way in which it is carried out. An electric toothbrush could make our work easier and help us remove more plaque and any food residues, however if it is not used correctly (for example, you are in a hurry), the final result will certainly not be the best.
The first thing to consider is that the tooth brushing technique changes according to the type of toothbrush used. For example, with the manual one, you need to be skilled and careful in making the right movements to ensure healthy teeth and gums. Otherwise, the electric toothbrush works largely alone, however, leaving us the most important task, which is to correctly move the head from one side of the mouth to the other.
- How to brush your teeth with a manual toothbrush
- How to brush your teeth with an electric toothbrush
- Good habits to follow
How to brush your teeth with a manual toothbrush
If you have a manual toothbrush, you have to consider that we have to carry it on the teeth and gums. Here's how to brush them right:
- by making a vertical movement that goes from the gum towards the tooth, the internal surfaces of the teeth that are part of the upper arch begin to be brushed. Specifically, the bristles must be slightly inclined and a little pressure must be applied starting from the tooth placed in the last position, at the bottom of the mouth, on the right side, up to the opposite side;
- at this point you can move on to the external part, always remaining in the upper part of the mouth and making the same movements;
- finally, the chewing surfaces, ie the upper part of the crown, are brushed;
- the same operation is repeated for the teeth that are part of the lower arches;
- it is also good to pass the toothbrush on the tongue and inside the cheeks because bacteria are also deposited in these spaces;
- finally, to eliminate food residues, just rinse with water.
How to brush your teeth with an electric toothbrush
While the brushing principle remains almost the same, it is also true that there are other elements to consider when brushing your teeth with an electric toothbrush. This device certainly provides an extra help in maintaining a clean mouth as the rotatory-oscillatory movement of the head acts deeply on the teeth without having to perform particular movements. However, the electric toothbrush needs to be used in the right way and to be guided correctly on the teeth and gums. Here's how to brush your teeth with an electric toothbrush:
- make sure that the toothbrush has been properly charged;
- hold the toothbrush and spread toothpaste on the head;
- place the device on the teeth;
- turn on the toothbrush and move the head from tooth to tooth, taking care to perform one dental arch at a time. With the electric toothbrush, this operation is facilitated by the integrated timer that signals the moment in which the arch can be changed;
- also clean the tongue and inside of the cheeks, selecting, where available, the most suitable brushing method;
- finally rinse with water.
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Good habits to follow
Whether it is an electric toothbrush or a manual one, in both cases it is good practice:
- brush your teeth at least 3 times a day (after each main meal) for at least 2 minutes;
- wait about 30 minutes from the moment you have finished consuming food and drinks, especially acidic ones. In fact, if you start brushing in the phase in which acids are attacking the enamel of the teeth, you risk damaging them and making them more vulnerable to attacks by bacteria present in the mouth;
- wash all the teeth present within each of the four dental arches;
- use a small dose of toothpaste, even better if with fluoride;
- make the movements in a delicate and precise way;
- use a not too large head that can reach every corner of the mouth and that is specific for our teeth;
- make sure that the toothbrush is clean and that the bristles are not too worn;
- avoid brushing the same teeth several times, risking not to brush others. A good advice may be to brush the teeth arch by arch;
- consume more fruits and vegetables and fewer processed foods, rich in sugars and carbohydrates, enemies of dental health.
All of these good habits, when combined with proper tooth brushing, bring long-term benefits in terms of good mouth health. In fact, it will not only benefit the teeth, but also the gums, the tongue and all the elements that make up the oral cavity. Furthermore, in this way, periodontitis, gingivitis and caries can be kept away, the result of insufficient or incorrect tooth washing and bad daily habits.
In addition, periodic visits to your dentist will complete the routine for cleaning the teeth: the specialist, in fact, thanks to the professional tools at his disposal, will be able to carry out a detailed check, identifying in the bud pathologies affecting the teeth and gums and eliminating the tartar that escaped the home-made tooth brushing.
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