from Rossana Cavaglieri And Gerardo Antonelli
You brush your teeth and your toothbrush turns red. Or one morning you wake up with swollen, purplish, sore gums. These are the signs of gingivitis, a fairly common problem (involving about 61% of the adult population) and not to be overlooked, especially if it occurs often. “Gingival inflammation can be the antechamber of periodontal disease, a disease that can lead to the loss of stability of the teeth up to, in extreme cases, the need to extract them”, warns Dr. Piero Nobili, head of the Department of Biological Dentistry at the Italian Stomatological Institute of Milan. Here are the rules to follow to fight (but also prevent) gingivitis.
Brush your teeth well after meals and snacks and floss or brush, even when your gums are sore and bleeding. «Rinses with mouthwashes based on antiseptic plants such as mint, thyme and fennel are useful», advises the expert. Also valid washes with tea tree oil, essential oil with disinfectant and anti-inflammatory properties: pour 3-5 drops in half a glass of water and rinse twice a day. Also, in an emergency, when you feel pain, you can chew or rub a couple of sage leaves over your teeth and gums.
If the problem is with the digestive system
Gingivitis can be a sign of a problem involving the digestive system. For example, if you suffer from heartburn or hemorrhoids at the same time as the disorder, lighten your diet and avoid smoking and alcohol. “To stem inflammation and facilitate gingival healing, 2 homeopathic arnica tablets are useful, to be taken during the acute phase in the morning and afternoon”, advises Nobili.
The visit to the hygienist
If the ailments do not go away, arrange a visit to the dentist immediately. He will subject you to specific examinations such as x-rays, periodontal tissue probing and tests for the evaluation of subgingival microbiology and individual proinflammatory genetics.
“If necessary, your doctor will prescribe you some polishing treatments, the subgingival polishing of the roots of teeth compromised by tartar in a situation of periodontal pain, followed by laser therapy sessions to heal the gums. But the appointment with the dental hygienist at least every six months remains fundamental ”, recommends Dr. Nobili.