Let's find out what is juvenile hypertension, but above all what are the risks and the alarm bells not to be overlooked
Juvenile hypertension is constantly increasing and is an increasingly widespread phenomenon in our country.
We have always been accustomed to considering high blood pressure as a problem that only concerns adults, according to some research, however, cases of hypertension affect many under-40s. The problem, as revealed by research carried out by the Italian Society of Hypertension, concerns % of Italians between the ages of 18 and 35 who, despite their young age, already have this disorder.
What makes high blood pressure particularly dangerous is the fact that it has no obvious symptoms, but over time it can cause serious damage to the cardiovascular system. High blood pressure can cause damage to the heart and blood vessels, damaging the kidneys and the brain. Over time, if left untreated, it exposes you to the risk of heart attack and stroke.
What are the alarm bells that should not be overlooked? Hypertension manifests itself through small signals that it is important to be able to grasp. For example, continuous headache, dizziness, nose bleeding and visual disturbances. The causes of this pathology are connected to a familiarity, but also to a wrong lifestyle or to particular clinical conditions.
High blood pressure can be caused by kidney disease and endocrine and adrenal glands, but also by steroid abuse or anti-inflammatory drugs. We must not neglect the role covered by a diet rich in salt, according to experts we should consume a maximum of 5-6 grams per day to keep the pressure under control and avoid problems.
It is no coincidence that doctors often advise measuring the pressure of adolescents, to assess whether the values are normal or if there are alterations. This parameter is defined as "normal" when it is less than 140/90 mmHg, otherwise it is essential to contact a doctor to carry out the necessary checks and start a therapy to counter hypertension.
What to do in these cases? First, it is important to change your diet, focusing on a diet with less than 6 grams of salt per day, rich in fruit and vegetables, but low in fat. Experts also advise that you perform aerobic-type physical activity, such as swimming or walking.