Metabolic syndrome: what it is, symptoms and how to avoid it

Metabolic syndrome: what it is, symptoms and how to avoid it

A condition of high cardiovascular risk, the metabolic syndrome must be kept under control to prevent diabetes and stroke

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The term "metabolic syndrome", rather than indicating a single pathology, indicates a condition with a high cardiovascular risk that increases the possibility of developing diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and brain diseases such as stroke. Why "metabolic"? Because it refers to the biochemical processes involved in the normal functioning of the body, although the names with which it is known are different: X syndrome, insulin resistance syndrome, dysmetabolic syndrome.

Those suffering from metabolic syndrome have a risk of developing diabetes five times greater than a person who does not suffer from it, while the risk of developing cardiovascular disease is greater than twice. Here, then, that preventing it and recognizing its symptoms is fundamental. There are five "clues" that lead to his diagnosis:

  • high body fat, especially in the abdominal area (the so-called visceral fat)
  • arterial hypertension (with values ​​over 140/90)
  • high values ​​of triglycerides and cholesterol in the blood, accompanied by low levels of HDL (the "good" cholesterol)
  • hyperuricemia (uric acid concentration greater than 7 mg / dl)
  • resistance to insulin, a hormone that helps regulate the amount of sugar present in the body at the peripheral level in the liver, muscles and adipose tissue

The more conditions occur simultaneously, the greater the chance of developing the metabolic syndrome. A syndrome that sufferers of diabetes most often suffer from, those of advanced age, those who have low physical activity and those who are genetically predisposed.

Does not give specific symptoms, the metabolic syndrome. Indeed, those suffering from it generally declare that they "feel good": this is why it is so important to keep risk factors under control, starting with an excess of fat. The key to preventing it is to try to maintain your weight-form, do regular physical activity (even light) and follow a balanced diet that prefers the consumption of fruit and vegetables. And these are the precautions to be taken even when the metabolic syndrome is diagnosed, turning – preferably – to a specialized center.

How is the diagnosis made? With the ascertainment of the presence of three or more risk factors: obesity with MBI> 30, high abdominal fat (waist circumference> 80 cm in women and> 94 cm in men), HDL cholesterol values ​​<50 mg / dl in women and <40 mg / dl in men, triglycerides above 250 mg / dl, systolic blood pressure greater than 140 or diastolic blood pressure greater than 90, blood glucose levels above 100 mg / dl in the fasted state. Alarm bells, which require timely action.

Category: Welfare
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