Bronchitis and bronchiolitis: what's the difference? Here are some useful tips for mothers, in order to identify these pathologies and know all their characteristics
What is the difference between bronchitis and bronchiolitis: these two ailments are often an alarm for the health of children, together with breathing difficulties and pneumonia. High fever, asthma, cough and cold are the symptoms that these two diseases have in common. Very often mothers tend to confuse and associate all the symptoms with bronchitis. So what are their distinctions? It will be enough to pay attention to the medical reports, on which a diagnosis of bronchitis is never indicated, but of bronchiolitis.
It is necessary to dispel a commonplace and clarify that bronchitis cannot affect a child. In fact, this pathology can affect only smokers and the elderly. So quitting smoking can significantly reduce the risk of bronchitis for adults. On the other hand, children can be subject only to bronchiolitis, wheezing and bronchospasm, or all disorders that are part of the group of lung or bronchial diseases.
Bronchiolitis precisely indicates viral inflammation that causes swelling of the bronchioles, or the airways of the lungs. Its trigger is a virus, responsible for both the swelling and breathing difficulties of the baby. In most cases it is a Syncytial Respiratory Virus that causes various discomforts during the first years of the child's life. This virus mainly affects children under two years of age, as older children develop a stronger immune system and the virus generally manifests itself through flu symptoms. Season changes and cold weather make the little ones more vulnerable to attack by this virus.
So what difference is there between bronchitis and bronchiolitis? In addition to a clear distinction relating to the age of the affected subjects, bronchiolitis occurs in the child with labored breathing, panting and severe cold. Furthermore, it can degenerate in a short time and lead to a rather insidious cough that can persist for a long time, even after healing through a long aerosol therapy. It is a good omen to be careful of the baby's nose, so as to always keep it clean and seek hospitalization if the pediatrician deems it appropriate.