Not just a toothbrush and toothpaste: other tools are also needed for complete oral hygiene. Here are the essential products for perfect cleaning of the teeth
Good oral hygiene requires the use of different tools to be used correctly, however. In fact, it is not enough to brush your teeth: what matters is brushing them according to specific indications with the help of several products, each of which is suitable for a specific purpose.
In this way, it will be possible to counteract one of the main enemies of the mouth, plaque, directly responsible for the development of periodontitis, gingivitis, caries and blemishes of the oral cavity.
Specifically, plaque is made up of a large number of bacteria capable of attacking (and consequently damaging) the teeth, especially where it is more difficult for the toothbrush to arrive. Dental irregularities and interdental spaces are in fact among the areas most prone to the formation of bacterial plaque, which if not removed in a short time turns into tartar. That is why it is also necessary to employ other tools for cleaning the teeth. So let's see what are the essential products for oral hygiene.
- Not just a toothbrush and toothpaste
- How to use dental floss
- Pipe cleaner: what it is and how to use it
- Mouthwash: when and how to use it
Not just a toothbrush and toothpaste
It often happens to associate tooth brushing with the use of two tools, namely toothpaste and a toothbrush. The toothbrush (electric or manual) does most of the work in terms of dental cleaning. Choosing the right one, however, is not always easy as you have to consider a series of factors, first of all the type of use you want to make of it.
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Once you have chosen the right toothbrush for your needs, we move on to toothpaste. You do not need large quantities, it takes very little, perhaps taking care to buy one with fluoride. In fact, fluoride toothpaste, as indicated by the Ministry of Health, is an important weapon in the prevention of caries as, in addition to protecting the teeth from the demineralizing action caused by plaque, it makes the enamel more resistant.
In reality, while these two products are indispensable for having a healthy smile-proof mouth, they are not enough for good results. Other essential products for a good cleaning of the oral cavity are:
- pipe cleaner;
- dental floss;
How to use dental floss
If toothbrush and toothpaste help to carry out a first and fundamental dental cleaning, other tools such as brush and dental floss intervene to best complete this daily action.
As the term suggests, dental floss is a fine thread that is passed between the teeth to remove food residue and plaque. At first it might seem awkward and difficult to use, but with a little practice its use will become automatic. Here's how to use it correctly:
- after taking the package in which the dental floss is rolled up, pull about 20-25 cm of thread and detach it with the help of the practical tab that facilitates cutting;
- then fix the portion of the thread between the index finger and the thumb and insert it between the teeth, from above;
- with a movement that goes back and forth, slide the floss between one tooth and the other until it reaches the gum;
- repeat the operation for all teeth;
- finally rinse with plenty of water.
Flossing between the teeth is a delicate operation that should be repeated at least once a day. However, attention must be paid to any bleeding of the gum that can occur as a result of small lesions caused by the passage of the thread itself, especially when it is used for the first few times. If this situation continues to arise afterwards, it is a good idea to visit your dentist for a thorough check-up.
Brush: what it is and how to use it
Thanks to its small size and ergonomic handle, the brush is configured as a practical tool of great use in removing bits of food stuck between the teeth. Its small and pointed head allows you to reach the most difficult points of the mouth, going to act directly between the widest cracks present between the teeth. The main difference with dental floss is this: if the latter removes excesses from very narrow interdental spaces, the brush gives its best where there are much wider grooves. It can therefore be of great support for those who:
- has large cracks between the teeth;
- wear fixed prostheses on dental implants (e.g. capsules, fillings, dental bridges);
- wears braces on your teeth.
It is advisable to use the brush – at least once a day – before starting tooth brushing, in order to make the action of the toothbrush even easier. Here's how to use the pipe cleaner:
- take the brush and following the same movement as the dental floss, slide the tool back and forth between the teeth, taking care not to inflame the gums;
- for the two lower arches, the brush must follow a movement that goes from bottom to top;
- for the two upper arches, on the other hand, it is necessary to make a movement from top to bottom;
- finally rinse with water.
A brush can last about two weeks, at the end of which it is good to replace it with another.
Mouthwash: when and how to use it
The mouthwash completes and strengthens the action of all oral hygiene products. Thanks to its characteristic liquid formulation, it acts by preventing disorders of the mouth and teeth and is a panacea for counteracting bad breath.
Just pour a little into the special dispenser and rinse for about 2 minutes after brushing your teeth, preferably before going to sleep. In this way any last food residues will be removed, leaving a pleasant sensation of freshness.
Several types of mouthwash are available on the market, such as those based on chlorhexidinia, an antimicrobial, indicated in specific cases such as extractions or gum inflammation. It is used for short periods and on the advice of the dentist. As for the other types of mouthwash readily available at the supermarket, it is good to avoid those containing alcohol because they could cause irritation in the oral cavity.
In general, various products such as toothbrushes, flosses, brushes and mouthwashes are required to perform a good cleaning of the oral cavity. However, each of these tools must be used correctly in order to give good results.
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