This episode of “Daily Health Pills” explains what are the risks of obstructive sleep apnea (OSAS) and how to prevent them
The acronym OSAS (Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome) stands for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome. This picture affects between 2 and 6% of the adult population.
It is characterized by snoring that is interrupted by breathing pauses, precisely apneas, excessive daytime sleepiness, awakenings with a feeling of suffocation, fragmented and unrefreshing sleep.
OSAS: causes and prevention
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome generally affects males above all, but women are affected particularly after menopause.
On the prevention front it is important to lose weight, since obesity is the best known risk factor for the development of this picture. The narrowing and consequent occlusion of the upper airways during sleep, in addition to being linked to excess weight, may depend on other situations, perhaps of an anatomical nature, such as alterations in the conformation of the skull and face.
Those who suffer from obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, with frequent oxygen deficiencies, may have a higher risk of experiencing cardiovascular problems, first of all hypertension.
OSAS: what is polysomnography and what is it for
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This is confirmed by the recordings made with polysomnography to understand what happens during sleep. This examination, which is a sort of sleep electroencephalogram, shows that changes in cardio-circulatory dynamics can occur during and at the end of each obstructive apnea.
OSAS: snoring and risks
It is important to pay attention to the cocktail of snoring and sleep apnea. Snoring in itself is a serious problem because it disturbs the normal rhythm of sleep, but if interrupted by apnea, OSAS can occur.
Severe sleep apnea can last for several seconds during which the heart has to pump harder. High blood pressure can occur, there may be a risk of developing cardiac arrhythmias and having little air in the lungs.
Then there is a problem that should never be forgotten: those who suffer from sleep apnea hardly reach deep sleep, so during the day they are always sleepy with repercussions on normal activities.
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“Daily Health Pills” is Tipsforwomens TakeCare’s podcast series, curated by Federico Mereta. In each episode we talk about prevention, care and good habits.