"Real" food intolerances are few and can only induce gastrointestinal or other ailments, experts say
Abdominal bloating, weight gain or metabolic diseases: will it be the fault of an intolerance? No, say the dieticians of the Andid (National Association of Dieticians) in the joint document created with the major Scientific Societies that deal with the problem, the Federation of the Medical Association and the Ministry of Health, entitled "Ten rules for managing intolerances food. " Food intolerances are not responsible for overweight and obesity – experts say – which are instead conditions caused mainly by an inadequate lifestyle. "Real" food intolerances are few and can induce gastrointestinal or other ailments.
No to self-managed diets
In recent years, however, there has been a huge spread of restrictive food regimes based on diagnostic tests of "food intolerance" performed on the most different biological matrices (blood, saliva, hair), such as salvific and detoxifying solutions for the organism. Self-managed, inappropriate and restrictive exclusion diets, however, can pose a significant nutritional risk and, in children, poor growth and malnutrition. They can also slatentize eating disorders. For this reason, for example, it is important not to eliminate gluten from the diet without a certain diagnosis of a related gluten pathology or not to eliminate milk and dietary derivatives without a certain diagnosis of lactose intolerance or allergies to milk proteins. When undertaking an exclusion diet, even for a single food or food group, specific nutritional indications must be provided in order to ensure adequate caloric intake and macro and micronutrients. Remember, therefore: the first step, before resorting to do-it-yourself diets that could lead to deficiencies, is to contact your doctor and determine if it is really intolerance.
No to self-diagnosis
If you suspect an unwanted reaction following the ingestion of one or more foods, you must contact your doctor (dietician, general practitioner, pediatrician of free choice, allergist, diabetologist, endocrinologist, gastroenterologist, internist, pediatrician), who will evaluate sending to the competent medical specialist. Only the specialist is able to evaluate which investigations to prescribe to formulate the most correct diagnosis. In fact, an in-depth history of the patient's clinical history and symptoms is necessary to address the most appropriate diagnostic tests, in order to avoid the prescription of incongruous tests and consequently incorrect diagnoses. However, tests that are not validated for the diagnosis of food intolerance are often proposed by heterogeneous, non-competent, unauthorized and unauthorized professionals, including non-health professionals. The non-validated tests are: IgG4 assay, cytotoxic test, Alcat test, electrical tests (vega-test, Voll electro-acupuncture, bioscreening, biostrengt test, sarm test, moratest), kinesiological test, dria test, hair analysis, iridology, bioresonance , pulse test, auricular cardiac reflex.
Let's not be fooled, therefore! These are often expensive procedures, devoid of any scientific proof and completely unreliable. They delay the diagnosis and can lead to unnecessary food restrictions with the risk of malnutrition. We always rely on the advice of our trusted doctor.