Prevention: the guide to protecting you and your family

Prevention: the guide to protecting you and your family

Health protection also includes vaccinations: which ones are suitable for adults and people at risk and why are they essential? Here are the details

Prevention: a word that we often hear and pronounce when our health is at stake, but also that of our children, parents and all fragile people suffering from pathologies. Especially during this period, it is important not to forget good prevention habits and establish new ones.

To better protect our health, it is useful to consult the National Vaccine Prevention Plan, a document of the Ministry of Health that defines the primary objectives of the National Health System. The cornerstone is access to free vaccinations. Let's see what they are and how they contribute to preventing the health of the entire Italian population.

Free vaccinations: a protection for health in the different moments of our life

The National Vaccine Prevention Plan indicates numerous vaccinations in the pediatric range, such as hexavalent, meningococcal, measles, rubella, chicken pox and mumps.

What are the vaccinations for the elderly over 65 years of age? Here are the main ones:

  • Anti-flu
  • Anti-pneumococcal
  • Anti Herpes Zoster
  • Recall Tetanus-Pertussis-Diphtheria
  • Furthermore, these vaccinations can also help younger subjects suffering from diseases and conditions that classify them as fragile subjects. Fragile subjects: because prevention is even more important

    Among the frail people it is necessary to consider, not only the elderly but also those who have an increased risk of contracting infectious diseases because they live with chronic diseases, which can, therefore, weaken the immune system.

    In particular, it is considered "subject at risk":

    • Chronic heart disease
    • Chronic respiratory diseases
    • Diabetes mellitus
    • Kidney disease
    • Chronic liver disorders
    • Congenital or acquired immunodeficiency
    • Anatomic or functional asplenia

    These people must strictly follow the National Vaccine Prevention Plan. In fact, the risk is that of being more predisposed to bacterial and viral infectious diseases, and for many of them also like Herpes Zoster.

    Herpes Zoster: what it is and how to prevent it

    Commonly known as St. Anthony's Fire, Herpes Zoster is a disease caused by the chickenpox virus that reactivates after a state of quiescence. It is a painful disease, which causes vesicular rashes especially in the chest and trunk and which can last even 6 months-1 year with serious side effects. Some satellite lesions may appear in other locations besides the trunk and other symptoms such as: fever, headache, stomach upset and burning of the injured skin.

    In addition, this pathology can lead to serious complications:

  • Post-herpetic neuralgia. Very severe pain that lasts for at least 90 days (but can become chronic for the patient's entire life) accompanied by intense itching.
  • Ramsay Hunt syndrome: infection that causes facial paralysis and hearing loss.
  • Eye infection and vision loss
  • Bacterial infection of skin lesions
  • Inflammation of the lungs, liver, meninges, brain
  • The incidence is related to age: it ranges from 2-3 cases per 1,000 people per year in the population aged 20-50, up to 6-7 per 1,000 people per year in the 70-80 age group. Epidemiological studies say that 25% of subjects will experience an episode of St. Anthony's fire during their lifetime. Since the risk of contracting this disease as well as its severity (up to death) increase with age, vaccination is the tool of choice for avoiding and preventing it.

    Vaccinations: where to find out?

    Your own doctor is the first and most important channel of information to understand which vaccinations to face.

    In addition, to find out about issues related to prevention and vaccinations, it is essential to rely on reliable sources, such as the official portals of the Ministry of Health or the Higher Institute of Health, but also the municipal sites dedicated to vaccinations and those of the local health authorities.

    Finally, for more information on prevention and health protection, you can consult the site Prevention has no age where there is also a list of specific vaccinations for each person at risk.

    Tag: Family

    Category: Health
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