Cold hands that change color and intense pain: these are just some symptoms of the terrible Raynaud's syndrome
Raynaud's syndrome is a disease caused by sudden vasospasm of the arteries of the hand. This phenomenon triggers a transient ischemia that causes an intense pallor in some areas of the fingers, followed by a vasodilation, which instead causes redness.
It is a decidedly painful disease, not by chance that sometimes crises are so fast and continuous that they cause ulcers in the hands. Raynaud's syndrome is easily recognizable thanks to some signs that characterize the pathology. First of all the sensation of tingling and pain in the hands, accompanied by that of having "dead fingers".
The symptoms are related to the various forms of the disease: in the bland ones they occur once or twice a year in coincidence with the winter period, in the more serious ones instead there are several episodes in the same day. Even today, Raynaud's syndrome is a mystery to doctors, who failed to discover the precise origins of this disease.
Some studies have identified a familiarity, other times however the illness has presented itself spontaneously and without an apparent reason. In many cases Raynaud's syndrome is linked to more serious conditions, such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, cervical osteoarthritis and ergotamine intoxication.
To arrive at a diagnosis it is not enough to evaluate the symptoms, but it is also necessary to carry out blood and instrumental tests such as capillaroscopy and the ecodoppler in the upper limbs. Only in this way will doctors be able to develop an effective therapy to solve the problem. To date there is no single cure for this disease, but several treatments that act on the symptoms.
Topical creams and preparations are available to reduce pain, tingling sensation and vasodilation, but also drugs, to be taken in times of crisis. In rare cases Raynaud's syndrome has been surgically cured by thoracic sympathectomy, but this is a practice that is recommended only in the presence of such intense episodes as to be invalidating and ulcerated.