The calculosis is becoming a pathology of the youngest. Drinking lots of water and eating well reduce risks
Let it pass soon. Here is what he wishes for those who have to deal with the pain associated with a renal colic, with the calculus, a sort of stone, which infiltrates the urinary tract going to block it.
The pain is born precisely from the continuous spasm of the muscles of the ureter and the other conduits through which urine produced by the kidney runs to make the unwanted "block" emit. While waiting for a research by MIT and the Massachusetts General Hospital published in Nature Biomedical Engineering to become a reality, that would have found in two associated drugs a solution to shorten the suffering of the ureter (but to administer the treatment it would be necessary to have a tube that goes up along the conducted), we must focus above all on prevention. Here are some tips.
Drinking a lot helps
There is a fact that worries the experts: the calculosis is in fact becoming a pathology of the youngest, above all for the bad eating habits. There is often a tendency to choose pre-packaged foods, which are rich in salts, while few vegetables, fruits and foods rich in fiber are consumed, in favor of hyper-protein foods, such as hamburgers and red meats. All this is anticipating the age of onset of the disease and is also leading girls to have the same risk as their male peers, while until a few years ago there was a ratio of two to one to the detriment of the male sex.
For those suffering from calculations, in any case, the diet must first of all include a study of the basic component of the calculations themselves in order to reduce the risk of new colic. The most common calculations, identifiable in almost seven cases out of ten, are calcium oxalate. This ranking is followed by those containing calcium and uric acid, calcium phosphate and struvite: when this mineral is present as a constituent of the painful "pebbles", the diet appears less important, given that the genesis of the calculation appears above all linked to repeated urinary infections .
In general terms, in any case, the diet must aim to reduce the excretion with the urine of the salts that lead to the formation of the calculations. Translation? We have to drink a lot because this increases the dilution of salts that tend to accumulate and therefore the risks are reduced. Among the most suitable waters there are oligo-minerals, low in sodium and calcium. It is also important to take regular foods that contain citric acid, which helps reduce stone formation. For example, the lemon is rich.
Associated diseases and the role of climate
More and more often the presence of stones is linked to other "well-being" diseases, such as hypertension, metabolic syndrome, gout and bone diseases. Calculations are much more frequent in people with these diseases, and treating these diseases also leads to an improvement in the calculus. There are even studies that correlate the repeated formation of stones to an increased risk for the heart and arteries, as if the "pebbles" that are created in the urinary tract were spies of a more general metabolic disorder.
Attention must then be paid to the bones. Those who suffer from calculations generally are more likely to experience bone decalcification. When this happens, the calcium lost from the bone could have various fates: one is to go to the kidney and to make stones, another is to go into the blood vessels, making them more rigid and therefore causing a greater risk for the heart and arteries. Finally, there is a hypothesis that should not be underestimated to explain the genesis of kidney stones.
According to Fredric Coe, of the University of Chicago, the increase in the earth's temperature is one of the factors that favors the increase in the frequency of calculations. The increasingly warm climate would cause more sweating and therefore dehydration. The kidney, in a condition of reduced availability of water, concentrates the urine and this increases the possibility that the salts contained in the urine "precipitate" and consequently form the calculations.
One last tip: if you are inclined to form calculations, avoid excessive sun exposure. If vitamin D, however useful, increases too much, it tends to absorb more calcium and therefore more easily stones can form. This is also why summer is the most endangered season: by drinking a lot, in any case, you can reduce the concentration of mineral salts.