Sepsis: what it is, causes and symptoms

Sepsis: what it is, causes and symptoms

Let's find out what sepsis is, because it is so dangerous and what are the alarm bells that should not be underestimated

Sepsis is a very serious disease also known as septicemia. It is a potentially dangerous condition that is caused by an infection that can be overt or hidden.

This problem can be lethal if it is not treated promptly and affects mainly children, the elderly and patients who have a weakened immune system, such as those with diabetes or cancer. What are the symptoms of sepsis? The first sign is tachycardia, followed by an increase in respiratory rate and an abnormal number of white blood cells. Later the body temperature changes abnormally, becoming too high or too low.

Pepsi is often accompanied by the presence of wounds with pus, cough and dysuria. In the elderly there is also weakness, darker skin, confusion and chills, while in children the symptoms are more similar to those of adults, with lethargy, vomiting, convulsions and particularly low diuresis. In the most serious cases the lack of platelets causes the formation of patches on the skin, difficulty in breathing and very low blood pressure.

What are the causes of sepsis? This disease is usually caused by bacterial and fungal infections affecting the blood, kidneys or abdomen. In rare cases sepsis is associated with other pathologies such as weakening of the immune system due to anticancer therapies, the HIV virus or pneumonia. The treatment of the disease depends mainly on the triggering causes. Usually, after diagnosis, immediate hospitalization is provided where antibiotics and other therapies are administered that are designed to improve the functioning of the affected organs.

Sometimes surgery can also be performed to remove the source of the infection, especially in the case of septic shock and severe sepsis. Considering the severity of the disease it is important to try in every way to prevent it by avoiding to underestimate the risk factors.

First, it is essential to reduce the risk of contracting infections, taking care of hygiene and getting vaccinated. It is also important to be promptly treated when small infections occur to prevent sepsis.

Category: Health
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