Shallots not only have a special aroma, they also have a variety of health benefits. Among other things, shallots can inhibit inflammation, lower cholesterol levels and blood pressure and protect against damage caused by free radicals.
The shallot, often referred to as a fine onion, has an elongated shape and is smaller than a normal onion. The delicate pink color and the slightly sweet and at the same time mildly spicy aromatic taste also distinguish the shallot from the onion.
The shallot has many healthy ingredients that can also protect against various diseases. For example, a recent study showed that shallot extract has a strong antibacterial effect.
Using various extraction methods, secondary metabolites can be obtained from shallot peels, which contain many flavonoids, alkaloids, saponins and tannins, the researchers report.
With the help of such an extract for the skin, it was possible in the study to effectively inhibit the growth of the bacteria Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Propionibacterium acnes.
Numerous healthy ingredients
In a review of the ingredients and health effects of shallots, vitamins A, B and C as well as phenolic compounds such as gallic acid, apigenin, eriodictyol, quercetin, isoquercetin, rutin, kaempferol, catechin and tannic acid are highlighted.
Antioxidants contained in shallots protect the body from damage caused by so-called free radicals and, according to the team, it is possible to use the shallot as an antimicrobial agent. Shallots can also help improve brain and heart health, reduce the risk of cancer and improve detoxification of the body, experts report.
Inhibit diabetes and promote healthy bones
In addition, shallots can inhibit diabetes, help fight obesity, promote healthy bones and support the treatment of allergies, according to the research team.
Other benefits of shallots include strengthening eyesight and the immune system as well as positive effects on skin and hair health. The researchers add that Persian shallots they studied had various beneficial effects on blood pressure, blood sugar and kidney health.
Persian shallots also have antibiotic, hypolipidemic, antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects and appear to inhibit cancer.
Taken together, the results show that shallot contains many compounds with valuable nutritional and bioactive properties and can be used as a natural herbal medicine against numerous health problems. (as)