Sneakers: how and which to choose

Sneakers: how and which to choose

Indispensable, fundamental, sneakers must be chosen tailored and with criteria. Let's see how


  • The importance of the right sneakers
  • How to choose them: practical advice
  • Useful supports for some types of feet

The importance of the right sneakers

Sneakers hold one of the most wonderful works of human engineering: the feet. The feet are made up of 26 bones (just like the hands) and our talo-heel joint is responsible for transferring the weight of the whole body to the ground. A good shoe allows you to improve locomotion and offers the possibility to perform motor activities in complete safety, even those that have high impact, such as running or jumping, and with the right cushioning, going to protect important initial or terminal garments of different muscles, as well as some very delicate ankle ligaments.

The choice also varies greatly in the field of athletic shoes: running, training and walking shoes, including trekking shoes, jogging shoes, sports court shoes, including shoes for tennis, basketball and volleyball or as those for football and baseball (equipped with cleats, studs or nails). Then there are athletic and special sports shoes, including shoes for golf, aerobic dance and cycling, and finally outdoor sports shoes, including shoes used for recreational activities such as hunting, fishing and rowing. . Within the scope of sneakers we include running shoes and walking shoes (this is a light shoe with extra shock absorption in the heel and the sole) and finally the aerobic shoes that are used for aerobic conditioning, they are light but absorb well all strong impacts.

How to choose them: practical advice

Orienting yourself before buying is a fundamental action and to do so we should first tell ourselves / and honestly for which main activity we would like to use athletic shoes. It makes no sense to choose a shoe for professional runners if you do not follow specific programs and even if you want to dedicate yourself to running only once a week, it would be optimal not to choose those from professionals or marathoners. This difference remains a really important factor: for athletes and athletes often the shoes are ultralight, but in the cases of amateur sportsmen or Sundays, newbies or overweight people, this type of footwear is really deleterious and harmful to the back and knees. You must also absolutely evaluate what type of terrain you want to run or walk on, whether asphalt or rough terrain.

A very important factor to evaluate for both women and men: the support of the foot. If you have not had an orthopedic visit, you can see it by how the sole of the shoe usually wears out; wear can provide you with the answer, put them on the table and see where they tend to hang or try to look at the sole inside. For example, the supinators tend outwards while the pronators are those who tend to rest the foot inwards, also varying the axis of the hip, the work of tendons, muscles and joints. For this type of support, support is needed on the inside of the foot. Sometimes the way you put your foot on also means a habit given by an emotional attitude, the same is true for the foot of the leg which is often loaded.

Usually women's sneakers are shoes for thinner feet, lower ankles. You must consider shoes that fit well in case of a tendency to bunion, so as not to force it further. During running or physical exertion the foot tends to swell so it would be important not to take them not too tight. As for aesthetics, always choose according to your taste, do not be too influenced by the many opinions of others. In many cases we rely on online purchases to save money, but as regards gymnastic footwear, we recommend moving towards a specialized shop to get the right support: often clerks or orders can give useful advice and check presence. which footwear is right for you.

Once you get to the shoe fitting phase, it remains very important to lace them well. It seems a useless detail and instead the performance of the shoes depends a lot on the attention with which you take care of the laces. Put on the shoes you have to take several steps and you must also try to jump and flex and extend both the knees and the spine. The shoe must not tighten on the heel or the instep and the big toe must be comfortable. Finally, do not underestimate the choice of socks, which are a really important factor, together with the shoe: choose socks with technical materials that can allow the foot to breathe well.

After when to change them? You should start thinking about new shoes after a range of about 300-500 kilometers of running or after 300 hours of exercise, especially if you have worked a lot with cardio exercises or forms of exercise with medium or high impact on the joints.

Useful supports for some types of feet

Heel pads are effective in relieving pain in the case of plantar fasciitis. Made of plastic or rubber, they are designed to support the area around the heel, relieving pressure under the sore spot. Other supports are metatarsal pads made of felt or hard rubber with an adhesive on the flat side. They relieve pain under the ball of the big toe (sesamoiditis) or under the ball of the other toes (metatarsalgia).

An arch support can help treat pain in the arch of the foot. Made with many types of materials, the arch support can be positioned after removing the insole. It should be noted that customized arch supports may be necessary for chronic (long-term) and congenital problems, including severe flat foot or Achilles tendonitis, to name a few. They should be designed and used specifically for the person's foot after an appropriate orthopedic visit.

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