The foods to eat and those to avoid if you suffer from gastritis

Gastritis is a stomach ailment that can be very annoying, but there are some foods that can help counteract it

Gastritis is an inflammatory process that affects the mucosa of the stomach walls. It is a fairly common disorder that presents with cramps, nausea, loss of appetite and, in some cases, vomiting. Gastritis can be of two types: acute, or due to indigestion or a poor, and therefore temporary, or chronic diet, when it is caused by infections sustained by Helicobacter pylori.

The methods for treating this disorder clearly vary according to its triggering causes, but nutrition always plays a central role in healing. If you suffer from gastritis, then, pay attention to your diet: here are 5 foods that can help you eradicate the disorder and others that you should definitely avoid in order not to make the situation worse.

Gastritis: which foods to eat

Wondering what to eat if you have gastritis? In the presence of cramps and heartburn there are not many foods that you can consume, but there are 5 that could help you heal faster: here are the recommendations of Dr. Riccardo Caccialanza, head of the Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition Service of the IRCCS Policlinico San Foundation Matteo di Pavia.

1. Cereals

Cereals such as pasta, rice but also barley and oats are particularly suitable for those suffering from gastritis because they help to counteract acidity. Perfect to eat in the morning for breakfast, but also during all other meals of the day. Even bread can be eaten without problems, as long as the bread is discarded.

2. Ripe fruit

For those suffering from gastritis it is important to consume fruit, the important thing is that it is ripe. Better to avoid the more acidic fruit varieties, such as citrus fruits, and prefer foods that help gastric stability such as bananas, apples and figs.

3. Seasonal vegetables

The consumption of seasonal vegetables is also very suitable, avoiding foods that are too acid like tomatoes. The most suitable vegetables for those suffering from gastritis are carrots, potatoes, courgettes and cabbage. Cooking is also very important, as it should be as light as possible: steamed or boiled vegetables should be preferred, seasoned with a drizzle of extra virgin olive oil.

4. Meat and fish

Those suffering from gastritis should follow a diet that includes white and lean fish, such as sea bass and sea bream, and white meats, such as chicken and turkey.

5. Fresh cheeses

Milk can be dangerous for those suffering from gastritis, and should be consumed in moderation. Instead, fresh yogurt and cheese can be eaten without problems.

Gastritis: the foods to avoid

After discovering which foods can help you fight gastritis, even quite effectively, it is time to understand which foods should be avoided in your diet instead.

Foods to avoid

Foods that could increase stomach acid secretion are not recommended for gastritis. Specifically, Dr. Caccialanza recommends consuming in moderation:

  • high fat foods. On all red meats, fatty fish and cheeses, in particular those fermented like gorgonzola and pecorino;
  • particularly spicy seasonings. Do without in your recipes of white and black pepper, garlic and chilli;
  • acid fruits such as lemons, mandarins, oranges, which could worsen the state of inflammation;
  • chocolate;
  • citrus fruits and other fruits too acidic;
  • fried or too salty foods;
  • tomatoes and other sour vegetables.

Drinks to avoid

All beverages that can increase gastric acid production should also be avoided. Above all there are obviously spirits (wine and beer) and in particular spirits (liqueurs and cocktails), which must be completely eliminated from the diet.

The same goes for coffee, even decaffeinated coffee, and for all caffeinated drinks. Avoid drinking iced or too cold drinks, especially on an empty stomach, as well as juices derived from acid fruits, energy drinks and carbonated drinks. After a few days of "detoxification" you will feel much better.

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