The heat worsens diseases: the effects and advice of the WHO

The heat worsens diseases: the effects and advice of the WHO

What to do when it's too hot? Here are the health effects of the subjects most at risk and the recommendations of the WHO

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The summer season is one of the most awaited because it is synonymous with holidays, relaxation and the sea. However, if the heat is felt in an important way it can make some diseases worse.

Not a few cases of malaise can occur especially in the hottest days and hours. Feelings of tiredness, exhaustion, dizziness or pressure drops are among these, but it is good to prevent them in order to avoid their appearance.

Precisely in the last few days of July, the degrees of the thermometer have risen sharply and, according to forecasts, this situation will continue even in the coming weeks. The World Health Association (WHO), warns the population by remembering that: "The heat can trigger heat stroke, but it can also worsen existing conditions, such as cardiovascular, respiratory, renal or mental illness".

The elderly, infants and all those who work outdoors are particularly at risk, but also those who are already facing chronic diseases. As the WHO explains: "Medical professionals and public health authorities must be prepared to face the summer heat waves and the possible health consequences of exposure to heat". Nothing is impossible considering that these effects of the great heat on the health of many individuals can be prevented, provided however that certain precautions are followed. Here are some good habits to follow and suggested directly by the World Health Association:

  • avoid carrying out some activities such as shopping, walking, sunbathing during the hottest hours of the day. It is good to prefer cool, air-conditioned places where you spend at least 2-3 hours a day;
  • keep hydrated, or drink water regularly, avoiding alcohol and caffeine;
  • wear light and breathable clothes and take fresh showers or baths;
  • keep the house cool by keeping the windows open at night and using the shutters during the day;
  • monitor the health status of family, friends and neighbors who may spend more time alone;
  • avoid anxiety and agitation because, "They can increase hot flushes".

What to do in case of weakness, anxiety, dizziness? The advice of the OMS is to move to a cool place and to measure the temperature of the body, drinking water or fruit juice to rehydrate it. If muscle spasms occur, it is good to drink oral rehydration solutions containing electrolytes; if the cramps last for more than an hour, ask for help.

Category: Health
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