The libertarian school: a democratic way to educate children

The libertarian school: a democratic way to educate children

Based on principles and democratic dynamics that favor the development of autonomy in children, the libertarian school is spreading all over the world

The libertarian school is based on a series of principles and on a democratic organization.
In this context, children participate in the decision-making and organizational process of their education. At the base of this way of operating there is the awareness that children are bearers of experiences, inclinations and important skills, and that only the recognition of these abilities will allow a full development of their autonomy and freedom of choice.
Starting from the recognition of one's own needs, the child decides what to learn and how to learn it, and experiences with his times the consequences of his choices. This process involves taking responsibility that makes the child grow. In this way, he becomes aware of himself, of his role in the world and acquires self-esteem and self-evaluation skills.

Libertarian education is based on the awareness that learning is in everything. At the center is the person in his entirety, with his mind, his body and his senses. This is why libertarian education guarantees the full development of every child's inclination or talent.
In this context, the role of the educator is not to transmit a pre-constituted knowledge. On the contrary, he supports the child in a common process of knowledge, in which the two subjects are on an equal footing. However, adults and children carry different roles within the educational process.

Learning projects are always established based on the interests and abilities of the individual student. In them, a fundamental role is played by the spontaneous questions that the child poses. The adult favors listening and stimulates critical reflection in children, as well as the dynamics of mutual aid among students. Errors are opportunities for reflection and are addressed in a way that encourages self-correction.
The evaluation of learning takes place in reciprocal terms: child and adult evaluate together the quality of the work done.
Not only the child has the possibility to choose his own teacher, but he can report any lack of respect on the part of the latter.
The decisions concerning the school are discussed and voted in an assembly. Each member has the right to vote, regardless of age and role in the school.

The child's parents play an important role in libertarian education. In fact, the educational process is not limited to school hours, but includes all the child's life experience. The parent will therefore have a supporting role in school activities, and will have to work to promote continuity between school and home in a context of full democracy.

Images: Depositphotos

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