This episode of "Daily Health Pills" explains why goiter is formed and what link it has with the thyroid
In general terms the thyroid is a butterfly-shaped endocrine gland found in the neck. The two wings of the organ form the so-called lobes, while the central area is called the isthmus. It is usually small and increases in the volume of the gland can be linked to particular pathologies or to the classic goiter.
Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism
What matters is to remember that the thyroid is of great importance for the well-being of the body. It produces a series of hormones that work directly on different organs and affect factors that are fundamental to the body. In those who have a thyroid that works little, that is, suffers from hypothyroidism, the heart tends to beat more slowly, fatigue is much more, you suffer from cold more and blood cholesterol values tend to rise.
The exact opposite happens if the gland or part of it works too much, or in the case of hyperthyroidism, with reactions exactly opposite to those described above: the heart beats quickly, the metabolism tends to accelerate and you can lose weight.
How goiter is formed
The production of hormones and the regulation of the thyroid depend on the activity of the pituitary gland, another gland located in the skull. The thyroid produces its own hormones in which some iodine molecules are incorporated. For this reason, an insufficient supply of iodine to the body over time can lead to a deficit in the production of thyroid hormones and therefore to manifestations of compensation of the glandular tissue.
The thyroid gland tends to hypertrophy in an attempt to respond to the body's demands. We therefore arrive at the gozzo. When there is a chronic lack of iodine, the thyroid reacts by trying to develop its own structures in order to produce the necessary quantities of hormones. The gland increases in volume and can go so far as to create a real swelling in the neck which can sometimes be invisible, because the goiter tends to develop inward, compressing the trachea and esophagus. In these cases there may be small disturbances in breathing and swallowing.
The abnormal development of the gland can be linked to a single nodule or to several different nodules that are created inside it. The important thing is to keep an eye on the evolution of the situation with your doctor.
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“Daily Health Pills” is Tipsforwomens TakeCare's podcast series, curated by Federico Mereta. In each episode we talk about prevention, care and good habits.