Treating the skin at any age: what is the role of hormones

by Beatrice Serra

The skin mirrors each phase of the hormonal cycle. It is a matter of internal fluctuations that are printed on the face of each woman, in the different stages of age and life. It is not an irrelevant link if we talk about beauty, why choose one skincare adequate means improving the skin aspect of the face and body. With the doctor Eleonora Iachinigynecologist and aesthetic doctor, opinion leader for the Filorga brand, we talk about skin and hormonal fluctuations, skin quality and the right products for every age and need.

Doctor Iachini, is female skin affected so much by the work of hormones?

We women of endocrine fluctuations we have several, and all of them can be seen “in face“. Trophism, vitality and skin tone essentially depend on hormones circulating. Not only by age group but also according to the different ones menstrual phases (pre, during and post cycle). Estrogens, typically female, influence in a way positive the skin: their presence manifests itself in a better turnover cell phone for the benefit of a more epidermis compact, elastic and bright. Another conditioning hormone is progesterone, which strengthens the connective tissue and promotes the production of collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid. The latter molecule, which hydrates and plumps the epidermal layer is produced progressively less and less after i 25 years old of age.

Radiant skin essentially depends on estrogen, then?

More than from estrogen at all, it is theequilibrium between estrogen and progesterone which guarantees the good operation organ-skin. It usually occurs after the puberty, with the regularization of the menstrual cycle. In age fertilehowever, when the levels of progesterone they go upas happens in the 10 days after theovulation preceding the menstrual cycle, it is normal for the complexion to be duller and easily attacked by bacteria responsible for impurity.

What are the most critical periods or, conversely, most favorable for its beauty?

Let’s dispel a myth, they do not exist favorable phases. More simply, the texture of the skin changes depending on hormonal fluctuations. Starting from puberty, characterized by a preponderance of testosterone (male hormone) that is not overwhelmed by the effect positive than estrogen: means more sebum, therefore an acne-prone skin. But even during pregnancy, it’s not like the skin is naturally radiant, as we often hear. Indeed, there is a first phase (progestin) in which gets worse, it is opaque and asphyxiated; it’s only since second quarter that, by increasing estrogen, the skin goes through its best time, in terms of compactness and brightness. From childbirth on the other hand, with the hormonal breakdown, it will seem more subtle And not very elastic.

What about menopause?

It is another very stage delicate in which hormones create structures that predispose to aging. Estrogen disappears, and this deficiency can be seen on the skin: due to the slowing of cell turnover it becomes finer, more opaque, more sensitive to external aggressions; and without natural iarulonic acid it loses elasticity and marks itself. Plus, its self-healing mechanisms do too weaken.

Does our beauty routine therefore have to be calibrated on these hormonal variations?

Follow with attention the stages our skin goes through there it helps a lot to choose the right skincare, that is an established and precise routine of steps in skin care. In the morning it is time to put in place moisturizing and protective strategies, in the evening slightly renewing or astringents. This pattern also reflects an important feature of the skin: the night is more active and it absorbs better what we give it, during the day it has a quiescent activity.

Does this distinction apply to any age group?

Yes, only the active principles cosmetics suitable for each skin type. For most young with oily and impure skin, in the morning, apply serum and moisturizing cream with texture super light and to action sebum-normalizing. In the evening, however, it takes an active (serum or cream) with acetylsalicylic acidfor example, which frees from impurity. Come on 20 years up to 40-45exfoliating products are essential to stimulate cell renewal and should be chosen based on the guy of leather: more powerful (always with acetylsalicylic acid or azelaic) if oily and thick, more delicate if sensitive and dry (such asmandelic acid). Come on 45 years onwards, and especially after menopause, day creams become much more moisturizerswith hyaluronic acids capable of being well absorbed and penetrating deeply while the evening is the ideal time to use nourishing products based on anti-oxidant and lipid molecules, in order to strengthen and elasticise the skin. In fact, there is no longer any need to exfoliate every evening, just once or twice a week with products based on azelaic or mandelic acid or low percentages retinol.

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