For the correct growth of the newborn, it is necessary to take care of its feeding. Particularly delicate is the moment of transition from liquid to solid substances with the introduction of new foods.
– From 4 to 6 months: the first baby food should be introduced into the feeding of the baby around 4 months, without giving up the feedings whether the mother breastfeeds the baby or with the bottle. At the beginning, at least until the 5th / 6th month, the foods, apples, courgettes, carrots, potatoes, should be offered to the child in the form of a smoothie or homogenized, so that the difference in consistency between the milk (liquid) and foods (solid) for both the almost imperceptible child.
– From 6 to 7 months: after the 6th month the mother can introduce foods with a certain consistency in the baby's nutrition, for example meat. Homogenised products are perfect, but for a home-made preparation, it is advisable to opt for pureed or minced meat, offered in the form of meatballs or hamburgers. To avoid, however, excessively fibrous meat that could be poorly digested by the baby.
– After 8 months: the actual transition from a liquid to a solid diet occurs, generally, after the 8th month, when the baby has already put on some teeth. The transition must be very gradual. Yes, therefore, to the chopping of the food so that the baby can swallow it even without chewing it, making sure, however, that he has swallowed it. Perfect, in this sense, the pasta, the pieces of cooked apple, the chopped vegetables.
To be introduced with caution
– Eggs: highly allergenic, eggs should only be added to the diet after the year and, in any case, with great caution. The first few times, therefore, give the child a spoonful of yolk and wait a few days to check that allergic reactions do not occur. If not, move on to the whole yolk and finally the egg white. Only when you are sure that the little one tolerates eggs well, offer him an omelette (cooked, perhaps, in the oven).
– Tomatoes: tomatoes can also trigger rather violent allergic reactions. They should therefore be added to the diet rather late, after 11 months, in small doses. Until we are sure that the child's body is not disturbed. At that point, a dish of pasta seasoned with fresh tomato and a drop of olive oil can be offered to the child.
– Crustaceans: if the fish is generally well tolerated by the very young and, indeed, it is a valuable food to vary their diet starting from the 7th month, the crustaceans could cause some problems. Therefore, they should be introduced in moderation and, in any case, after 7 months also because their taste is often not appreciated by babies.
– Dried fruit: it is not an indispensable food in baby nutrition. This is why it is better to delay its introduction as much as possible since, especially as regards hazelnuts, dried fruit can cause very strong allergic reactions.
Prevent allergies and intolerances
Allergics are born (a child born to a couple of allergic parents has an 80% chance of inheriting the same allergies as mom and dad), but it also becomes: excessively polluted environments can trigger respiratory allergies, a diet wrong could be the cause of food intolerances and so on. And in this regard, perhaps not everyone knows that it is precisely during the first year of the newborn's life that his / her future (allergic or not) is decided, especially with regard to the so-called food allergies.
For this reason, as it is very important to pay particular attention to the environment in which the child lives (avoiding excessive exposure to polluted and smoky environments), it is also essential to use considerable caution when weaning when introducing different foods, consulting often the pediatrician to know his point of view and respecting the age of the child and the development of his gastrointestinal system.
The general advice is to always start weaning with foods considered generally less allergenic: vegetable broth (carrots, potatoes, lettuce), rice cream, white meats (rabbit and turkey) and lamb, extra-virgin olive oil , apples and pears, breast milk (breastfed babies are less exposed to the risk of allergies and intolerances than others) or hypoallergenic (for cow's milk it is better to wait at least until the 12th month of life of the baby).
Throughout the first year, egg white should be avoided (the yolk can be introduced from the 7th / 8th month), cereals rich in gluten, tomatoes and citrus fruits. For all foods, then, you must always check that their freshness and authenticity and the fact that they are free of preservatives and additives, poorly tolerated by the stomach of younger children.
If possible, try to delay weaning until the 6th month, gradually introducing the foods so as to give the child the opportunity to get used to the novelty and to realize from time to time what the reaction of the organism is to the new food included in the child's diet: gaseous colic, diarrhea, the appearance of red spots on the skin, rashes of various types, constipation … they will serve to warn you about one or the other food and possible allergic reactions to it.
The monthly pediatric check-up visit will provide you with further information about the degree of absorption by the child's body towards the various nutrients that you have provided up to that moment and will allow you to discover any food intolerances or allergies. If the child is healthy, grows regularly, has a regular "intestinal life" there should be no problems of any kind and you will not have to worry. Not that allergies cannot make their appearance later, in school age or during adolescence, but you can rest assured that you have laid the foundations for proper nutrition.