An unhealthy diet increases the risk of diabetes as well as anxiety and depression. However, by consuming fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins and low-fat dairy products, it is easily possible to significantly reduce the risk of diabetes and mental disorders such as anxiety and depression.
In a new review, experts at George Mason University in the USA have analyzed the interactions between dietary anxiety, depression and diabetes. The results have been published in the specialist journal “Nutrients”.
Link between depression and diabetes
People with diabetes (diabetes mellitus) experience depression two to three times more often than people without diabetes, the team reports. However, there is still a lot of uncertainty when it comes to understanding the complex relationships between nutrition, mental health and diabetes.
What role does nutrition play?
To find out more about possible connections, the team conducted a comprehensive review of available studies. It was shown that unhealthy diet contributes to the risk of type 2 diabetes and at the same time also affects mental health, which promotes depression and anxiety.
According to the experts, the results also show that mental disorders such as depression and anxiety increase the risk of type 2 diabetes, and diabetes is associated with an increased risk of developing depression and anxiety. It is also possible to counteract these risks through a healthy diet.
“Our results highlight the central role of dietary choices in reducing the risks associated with diabetes and mental health,” explains study author Raedeh Basiri in a press release.
These foods protect against depression and diabetes
The research showed that consuming plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean protein and low-fat dairy products is associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes and mental health disorders such as depression and anxiety, the team reports.
On the other hand, if the diet includes a lot of processed foods, this increases the risk of type 2 diabetes, depression and anxiety.
Nutrients are particularly important
In addition, it has also been found that a diet high in energy-rich foods but deficient in essential nutrients (e.g. omega-3 fatty acids, folic acid, selenium, chromium, magnesium and various vitamins) leads to an increase in psychological symptoms and an increased risk of diabetes. risk leads.
A nutrient-rich diet is therefore particularly important for general health and well-being, and healthy dietary choices can serve as a proactive strategy for the prevention and treatment of diabetes, anxiety and depression, concludes Basiri.(as)