Diet, the best of the week from 4 to 10 April

Eating well is important for health: here are all the benefits of a good diet (even against cancer)

Everything we eat contributes to our well-being, which is why it is important to choose a healthy and balanced diet. In fact, health passes from the table: there are foods that bring very precious substances useful to protect us even from tumors. Let’s see what the expert advice is.

Diet rich in estrogen, for women’s health

At every stage of life, we have special nutritional needs. For women, menopause is one of the most delicate moments: the sudden lack of estrogen, sex hormones that perform many actions to benefit the body, leads to the development of annoying symptoms such as hot flashes and weight gain. . In the management of these problems, in addition to the hormone therapy usually recommended by doctors, nutrition plays a fundamental role.

There are some foods that are naturally rich in phytoestrogens, which are composed of a structure very similar to that of estrogen, which consequently mimic the functions of. In addition to controlling the symptoms of menopause, these foods protect the health of the bones, which in this period of the woman are particularly at risk. What are the foods to bring to the table? Flaxseed and soy products are undoubtedly the ones that contain the most phytoestrogens. Here you can find the complete list.

FODMAP diet, for the well-being of the intestine

Do you want to say goodbye to a swollen belly? According to experts, the FODMAP diet could have excellent results, especially in those suffering from irritable bowel syndrome or inflammatory bowel diseases (such as Chron’s disease or ulcerative colitis). It is, however, a diet that should be followed under medical supervision, since it is precisely used by people who have intestinal diseases.

But what is it about? The FODMAP diet, developed by Peter Gibson and Susan Sheperd of Monash University in Melbourne, provides for the exclusion of particular short-chain carbohydrates. According to some studies, these would be too aggressive for the intestines of those suffering from certain diseases, causing bloating, abdominal pain and diarrhea. Being a diet low in fruit and vegetables (the carbohydrates to be excluded are in fact mainly of vegetable origin), it can lead to a lack of fiber and an alteration of the microbiota. For this it is good to be followed by an expert.

Foods useful in cancer prevention

As we anticipated, a healthy and balanced diet can even help us prevent some forms of cancer. There are foods that, rich in particular compounds, act to protect our health in a rather incisive way. This is the case, for example, of chilli: capsaicin, the substance responsible for its spicy flavor, is a powerful antioxidant capable of counteracting an enzyme linked to inflammation of the body. Tomatoes, on the other hand, have significant amounts of lycopene: this element protects against free radicals.

It is also important to pay attention to the glycemic index of foods. It is a number that indicates the ability of a certain food to raise blood glucose values ​​(and consequently blood sugar) once ingested. Eating a diet rich in foods with a high glycemic index can stimulate the pancreas to produce insulin and certain growth factors that could increase the risk of developing particular cancers. Here are all the strategies for a diet that protects us from cancer.

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