The ketogenic diet is based on the drastic reduction of carbohydrates that pushing the body to consume body fats to meet energy needs.
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The ketogenic diet is called this way because ketone bodies are produced as a residue of the metabolic process in greater quantities than in a diet that also involves the consumption of carbohydrates.
Ketogenic diet, yes and no foods
The massive presence of ketone bodies leads to a drop in blood pH, a process also called ketosis. There are several types of ketogenic diet, an example of which is the Atkins diet and the low carb diet. Generally used to lose weight, sometimes it is also applied in the medical field to treat hyperglycemia, hypertriglyceridemia and epilepsy.
The ketogenic diet is a low-calorie, protein diet, low in carbohydrates and with a high proportion of lipids. The recommended foods are therefore: meat, fish, eggs, cheeses, vegetables, fats and oils for seasoning. Cereals and derivative products (such as bread, breadsticks, crackers, desserts and pasta), legumes, potatoes, fruit, sweet drinks, alcohol are not recommended. Each diet has its indications, in general carbohydrates must not exceed 50 grams per day.
Ketogenic diet, advantages and disadvantages
The ketogenic diet allows you to lose weight very quickly, keeping blood sugar and insulin under control. It increases calorie consumption, significantly reduces body fat and decreases appetite.
However, the ketogenic diet also has many disadvantages due to the high level of ketone bodies in the blood, the disposal of which involves a considerable increase in the filtering activity of the kidneys and diuresis which could test the kidneys and tend to dehydration. Cases of hypoglycaemia and hypotension may also occur. It is not atypical that those who follow this diet experience headaches, tiredness, nausea, nervousness, cramps, constipation and palpitations.
Being an unbalanced diet it is to be adopted only under medical advice and it is not recommended to follow it for a long time.