Lifestyle, age and hormones play a key role in the advent of menopause: the signs that it is approaching
It has always been one of the challenges of gynecology. Understanding in advance when a woman will see menopause-related disorders begin, understanding how long this transition phase will last and above all getting to define at what age the fertile life will end is difficult, almost impossible. And we are looking for possible "signalers" capable of directing towards this goal, also in order to implement any countermeasures to better face, if necessary, the potential health problems related to hormonal change, such as osteoporosis, pathologies heart problems or even the appearance of a tendency to depression.
The path towards menopause and the subsequent management of this period of life, on the medical front, must obviously be done by every woman together with her gynecologist. But today a new piece is added to the mosaic of scientific knowledge on this issue, to be confirmed. To propose it is a research that appeared in Menopause, a scientific journal, which identifies, albeit on a very small number of women, possible markers to be taken into consideration.
Age, but not only
When we talk about the era of menopause, we always think of the average age of onset of this physiological condition, which is around 50 years old. but the variables with respect to this figure are numerous, obviously not to mention the cases of premature menopause, as well as the related symptoms are different in both incidence and severity.
Lifestyle can certainly impact on the advent of menopause: alcohol consumption, smoking, lack of regular physical activity are parameters that could somehow contribute to determining the time of the end of menstrual cycles. But obviously hormones play a role, in addition of course to the presence of symptoms and signs that can direct towards this new era of female life: the study, in this sense, correlates various parameters as possible "spies" of the advent of menopause .
On the hormone front, attention is focused on estradiol and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH): higher levels of these compounds could represent a first signal of the imminent arrival of menopause, especially if combined with disorders such as the irregularity of cycles and the first symptoms typical of the menopausal period. In short, these could be potential "signals" of a hormonal balance that is changing.
The importance of regular physical activity for body and mind
Hot flashes, vaginal dryness, sleep disturbances, sweating, difficulty in controlling body weight, emotional instability are the symptoms that characterize this passage to varying degrees from one woman to another. In the medium to long term, the "fall" in estrogen levels leads to alterations in bone, lipid and carbohydrate metabolism that increase the risk of osteoporosis, cardiovascular / cerebro-vascular diseases, diabetes, overweight and obesity.
But it is on the psyche that the end of menstrual cycles can weigh more. For this reason, according to experts, it is necessary to think of this phase as a moment of relaunch to regain possession of one's body with greater love and respect than before, with the lifestyle. What does it mean?
Healthy nutrition and body weight control, to reduce cardiovascular risk factors, increase the ability to burn body fat and control blood glucose and thus prevent diabetes.
Dedicating 30-40 minutes at least two to three times a week to physical exercise helps regulate blood sugar, triglycerides, lowers blood pressure, increases the consumption of body fat and helps to keep weight under control. The type of activity, the duration of the exercise and its intensity depend on the general health conditions of the woman and how much she is used to exercising.
For those who are sedentary, it is necessary to start gradually, with small, lightly overloaded exercises or with longer and longer walks at a brisk pace. For women who are already used to moving regularly, you need to keep fit, in the gym, swimming or more simply with jogging and bodyweight exercises (even at home).
Tag: Menstrual cycle Menopause