T-shirts, jackets, watches. Health increasingly passes through detectors that come into contact with the body from the outside.
But how much will technology change the prevention and treatment of diseases?
Marco Knaflitz, full professor of electronic and computer bioengineering at the Turin Polytechnic and Marco Gazzoni, associate professor of electronic and computer bioengineering at the Turin Polytechnic and Marco Minetto, associate professor in physical and rehabilitative medicine tell this to SaluTO – Medicine and Wellness – 'University of Turin.
Appointment on Friday 25 September at 4.30 pm live on the web.
We monitor our body
At the basis of the use of these devices there is the opportunity to have reliable parameters on the user, without specific technical skills but able to use a smartphone or tablet. Not all, however, are the same. And you have to pay attention, in particular to the Apps. "They are necessary to allow the user to have devices of small dimensions, sufficient autonomy, limited cost and simple to use, concentrating all of the host device (smartphone, tablet, …) user interface, in fact using displays and man-machine communication modes typical of the host devices themselves – explains Knafiltz. When the purpose of an application makes it a "Medical Device" – for example an application that, by monitoring the heart rhythm of a patient, is able to alert him in the event of an arrhythmic episode – the application itself must respond to very complex and severe regulation that governs the marketing of medical devices at European level. In this case, the application must be guaranteed both in terms of safety and in terms of effectiveness by the manufacturer. The medical apps are subject to a much more complex and articulated evaluation process ".
So we "move" with the right control
Wearable devices are intended to help us control well-being in everyday life. Science confirms this. “They will make us more efficient and will also allow an early identification of subclinical pathological conditions that generally precede the onset of full-blown pathologies” observes Minetto. They will also be able to improve the fun in the execution of physical activity or the satisfaction of those who practice it (and therefore the adherence to exercise-therapy when physical activity is useful for the control of cardiovascular and / or metabolic problems), which could be perceived as more stimulating in consideration of the many opportunities that derive from its development (identification of routes of interest or identification of routes adapted to climatic or traffic conditions, etc.) or identification of "partners" for carrying out non-individual activities. For those who exercise, the advice is to use a heart rate monitor that allows you to measure heartbeats, energy expenditure and the length of the path is a really useful tool, almost irreplaceable for runners and cyclists. In the future we will have much more: wearable sensors to measure muscle activation during activity, "special" glasses (augmented reality) that can be worn during physical activity and can be used to monitor and stimulate the activity itself, making it more usable and / or fun and / or safe ".
Tell me what you're wearing and I'll tell you how you are
Live web – Friday 25 September 2020 – 4.30 pm